Concerning Civil Government | Second Treatise by Locke
Updated: Jul 22, 2019
Chapter Two: Of the State of Nature
(1) Locke opens this chapter as follows: "To understand political power right, and derive from its original, we must consider what state all men are naturally in, and that is, a state of perfect freedom to order their actions, and dispose of their possessions, and persons as they think fit, within the bounds of the Law of Nature, without asking leave, or depending upon the will of any other man." Why must an ideal government be grounded upon an understanding of the original nature of man? Why does the nature of man make civil government necessary?
Chapter Six: Of Paternal Power
(2) Locke describes law as a necessary means to securing freedom. He writes, "So that, however it may be mistaken, the end of law is not to abolish or restrain, but to preserve and enlarge freedom: For in all the states of created beings capable of laws, where there is no law, there is no freedom." Expound upon Locke's claim.